RemKoolhaas is a Dutch who deals with urbanism, architecture, and is aninstructor of architectural and urban design courses at HarvardUniversity, in the school of design. He is extensively seen as one ofthe greatest urbanists and structural intellectuals of his era. Thispaper discusses Koolhaas`s design theory and some of his works.
RemKoolhaas, over and above other architects of his era, has constructeda lateral life between architectural practices and theory. Thisdouble obligation was particularly manifested in 1999 with the setupof his studios, Office of Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) andArchitecture Media Organization (AMO). OMA deals with the realisticbuilding while AMO deals with the cultural affairs that emanatealongside architecture. Koolhaas’s theoretical part maintains thesuperiority of the constructive part regardless of the idea in mind.Through experimentation and research, Koolhaas purposely works tomake the underlying connection between modern culture andarchitecture more intense. All his designs analyze how architectureinterconnects with the modern city and the cultural background inwhich it functions. Therefore, Koolhaas critically analyzes existingdesigns and cultures to analyze and come up with a hypotheticaldesign that can be exhibited into the real world.
Koolhaashas produced designs that take the art of architecture to acompletely new level. Below are some examples of his works.
TPAC-TaipeiPerforming Art Center
TPACperformance center has three theaters, and each one of them canperform independently. The theaters intersect within a central cube,which centralizes the stages, support areas and back stages to oneeffective entity. This warrants the stages to be adjusted or fusedfor unprecedented scenarios and operations. The design gives thebenefit of precision upon the flexibility of the unknown. TPAC lookslike a pensile planet hooked up with a cube. The toughness of thebuilding is distinctly conveyed by its central cube holding threebulging auditoriums, one rounded and two cubics.
MaisonÃ Bordeaux is a three-floor personal mansion on a peninsula-likehighland towering over Bordeaux. On its lower level, it possesses anarray of sculptures carved out from the cliff the ground floor ismade of glass, with half of it inside and the other half outside andit serves as the living room. The top floor is divided into parents`and children`s rooms. At the center of the house, an elevator terracemaneuvers freely among three floors. Thus, it becomes a unit of thekitchen, or living room, or even becoming a personal office space.The owner of the house had an accident and thus was paralyzed, butthis house with the elevator platform made everything in the houseaccessible to him. The elevator movement gradually transforms thearchitecture of this house.
TheDutch Embassy in Berlin
Thisbuilding was designed based on an an isolated cube model with theaim of incorporating Berlin city culture in architecture. The embassyhas a cube that holds the offices and a semi-opaque wall equal insize to the cube, and it covers two sides of the cube to create aprotected interior. The cube is linked to the wall by four pedestrianbridges. A spiral path that shows the arrangement of theconstruction`s spaces twists around through the eight stories tooffer security and aeration, which are paramount issues in theembassy. The course of the path leads to the meeting rooms, offices,library, fitness area and a restaurant on the uppermost floor.
Deeand Charles Wyly Theatre
Inthis conventional theater, there is an escalation of the front andbackspaces of the building to restrain the auditorium and safeguardperformances from the outside world. Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre hasa solid, upright position that permits the spaces for support to belocated below and above the auditorium rather than at its sides. Itis a 12-storey building and this tallness together with the exclusivevisibility of the theater activities offers the building prominencein performing arts centers.
TheMilstein Hall contains a studio, crit and exhibition space, artlibrary and an auditorium. It is a connecting construction of otherhalls and the outside. It also provides space that was not therebefore in the university. The hall also shelters cantilevers on itssoutheast and its north which shows new methods of creating publicspaces and encourage new navigation ways.
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