Research Methodology Rewriting
Actionresearch is an endeavour that sees the researcher collaborates with aclient to diagnose a problem and devise a solution (Bryman and Bell,2011). The salient trait that informs the action research is thecollaboration with member of the organization to addressorganisational problem. This means that action research is conductedto discern a plan for innovation and is collaborative. Also, actionresearch responds to the changing dynamics in the society which areembodied by the researcher and research (Cooper &White, 2012). In this sense, theory and practice interact in a mutually beneficialrelationship.
Actionresearch is grounded in the positivist, interpretive and criticalresearch philosophical orientation. The positivist approach,otherwise known as ‘classical action research’, is an orientationtowards research that is built on the premise of social experiment,and is set out to test scientific theory basing on objectiveempirical observation, yielding numerical data. On the other hand,interpretive action research or contemporary action researchco-creates and share reality in the social setting, including localand organizational factors during action research. Lastly, actionresearch is about judging business processes with a view to improvingthe quality of the action.
Asseen, action research will see the researcher collaborating with theclient and this will favour interpretive approach as a meaningful wayof informing and guiding practice, and transforming theorganizations.
Reasonfor Choosing Action Research
Cresswell(2003) describedquantitative approach as a positivist orientation that deploys toolsto develop knowledge in a causal relationship, using measurements,and observation as well as testing theory using experiments andsurveys. Qualitative approach is philosophically oriented towardssocial constructivists(Cooper, & White, 2012).Meaning in such an endeavour is actively negotiated in the seeking ofthe truth(Johnson, 2014).Quantitative research seeks to explore and explain deeper meaningsattached to phenomenon for a holistic understanding.
Researchon relational leadership can best be guided by emancipatory action,requiring critical inquiry on the part of the research, mergingtheory and practical. Action research is designed to generate theory,as it goes beyond recognition that theory informs practice(Cooper, & White, 2012).In such an endeavour, I will be able to justify my work, expertiseand experience through reference to theoretical frameworks this willlegitimize construction of theories generated through practice.Cooperand White (2012) added that aactionresearch does not entirely rubbish the contribution of theory to theresearch process in fact, it is only possible to carry out researchbuilding on the current theoretical frameworks.
Actionresearch opens avenues that frame issues relating to powersuggesting strategies for action and providing evidence to guide onpreviously puzzling outcomes further avenues for understanding theresearch project are made possible by the research outcome to improvepractice(Punch, 2014).The theory would provide grounds for proactive measures. By its verynature, action research is meant to benefit both practice and theory(Punch, 2014). Iintent to support the underlying epistemology as anobserver-participant, and this way direct the focus of the research-designed to apply theory to practice and use existing theories todevise new knowledge.
Bryman, A.,& Bell, E. (2015). Businessresearch methods.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
CresswellJ. 2003. ResearchDesign Qualitative, Quantitative. And Mixed Methods Approaches SecondEdition John W. Creswell University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Cooper, K.,& White, R. E. (2012). Qualitativeresearch in the post-modern era: Contexts of qualitative research.Dordrecht: Springer.
Johnson, B.(2014). Educationalresearch: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches.
Punch, K.(2014). Introductionto social research: Quantitative & qualitative approaches.Los Angeles, California: SAGE.
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