Short Term Paper 3 History
ShortTerm Paper 3 History
ShortTerm Paper 3 History
TheTreaty of New Echota was enacted in 1835 in Georgia y governmentofficials of the United States and representatives from the minoritypolitical faction of the Cherokee community. The treaty was aimed atthe ceding of the south-east territory where the Cherokee livedinitially and making them move to the west and occupy the IndianTerritory. During this time, the Cherokee were being led by aprincipal chief referred to as John Ross (Santis, 2015). TheCherokee leadership delegation during the Echota event composed ofMessrs John Ross, Richard Taylor Danl, McCoy Samuel Gunter andWilliam Rogers. The independent government of the Cherokee wasabolished in Georgia through the passing of some laws, which grantedthe US government full control of the group. The Cherokee governmentwas unhappy with the decisions and tried protesting against the move,but their pleas were disregarded (Santis, 2015). The group tried toconvene several meetings with the US government to develop peacefulresolutions, but such was not welcomed by the government inWashington.
TheCherokee people were driven from their homes unwillingly. They wereseparated from the place that they had grown so fond of and hadadapted to, as they had even developed a culture of hunting in themountains. From the reading, the eviction seemed untimely and forcedsince the soldier shares that some of the Cherokee people werecompelled to travel without some necessities such as blankets andshoes for protection. There was a feeling of despair especially amongthe children for leaving their homes and being shifted to a placethat they had inadequate knowledge of. The soldier describes how thechildren were waving at their homes creating a picture of sadness anddespair. The evictions also made the Cherokees suffer some dreadfulconditions such as freezing temperatures, sleet, and snowstorm. Thesoldier even describes that the journey of the Cherokees as the“trail of death,” since the harsh circumstances led to the deathof some the Cherokee people. Both the old and the young slept on thecold floor of the wagons and had no fire to generate heat during thenight. Such conditions led to the death of around twenty-two exiles,including the wife of Chief John Ross. Most of them also sufferedfrom pneumonia and other devastating health conditions.
TheNative Americans were deprived the freedom of living in their landand enjoying their daily activities just like the African Americanswere forced into a foreign land for the purposes of slavery. The twogroups underwent some form of torture, which led to the death andtraumatic events for a large number of them. From the readings on theevents that the Cherokees underwent and the knowledge of what theAfrican Americans faced, I find that the African Americansexperienced much atrocity. These individuals were imported to serveas slaves in large plantations and faced constant torture, unlike theCherokees who were detached from their ancestral land to the Westernpart of the nation. The African Americans were forcefully separatedfrom both their native land and family whereas the Cherokees wereonly separated from their land, but most of them retained theirfamily attachments. The journey of the African Americans across thesea was also much longer and with harsher conditions compared to thatof the Native American who were travelling Across the United States.
Santis,D. F. (2015). Introductionto American History(9th ed., Vol. 1). USA: BVT Publishing.
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