Sickle Cell Disease Prevention
Sickle cell disease is an ailment that is genetic in nature andwhich has no cure. It affects the hemoglobin in the red blood cellsresulting in severe pains and other complications affecting manyaspects of a person’s life such as education and work. The diseaseis prevalent in African and other developing countries (O`Malley125). Despite the disease not having a cure, it is important to notethat there are simple measures that can be taken to control the pain.However, the best approach to sickle cell disease is prevention.
Thesis: Although sickle cell disease has been incurable fordecades, recent research in bone marrow transplant is offeringrenewed hope to patient but people must continue to rely onpreventive measures.
Since sickle cell disease is genetic and children are born havingthe disease, it is impotent to have a preconception gene test for thepresence of this blood disease. There are simple blood tests todaythat can be carried out before a woman gets pregnant to determinewhether she has an illness and if there are any chances that thechild will be infected (O`Malley 133). It is important to have thehusband tested as well. This test is extremely necessary when thewoman comes from a high-risk group such African.
People who are suffering from sickle cell disease experience sharppains called the sickle cell crisis. A Hydroxyurea medicine isusually administered for the treatment of severe pains and to preventfurther complications (O`Malley 237). This medication can reduce theoccurrence of sickle cell disease complication such as stroke. When apatient has severe complications such pulmonary hypertension,gallstone, and leg ulcers, a blood transfusion might be required totreat the complications. Recent studies have shown that bone marrowtransplant can indeed cure sickle cell disease (O`Malley 158).However, the procedure is risky, and decisions to carry out theprocess are made on a case-by-case basis. It is not every patient whocan get healed of sickle cell disease through bone marrow transplant,and the procedure is mainly carried out in children.
While concluding, sickle cell disease is a terminal condition thathas led to many deaths across the world. The scientific studies thatare being carried out have demonstrated that the disease could beentirely curable through procedures that do not pose huge risks. Itis, however, essential for couples planning to be parents especiallyin Africa to have preconception gene tests to determine the presenceof sickle cell disease genes.
O`Malley, Paul D. New Developments in Sickle Cell DiseaseResearch. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2016. Print.
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