Socialization and Human Development
Socializationand Human Development
Socializationand Human Development
Whena child is born, he /she comes with no knowledge concerning anythingin the world. However, with time the child gets to learn about thesocial ways and is gradually molded into a social being in thesociety. The process of molding this baby to become an individual whois fully accepted in the society is called socialization. Generally,psychologists define socialization as the process through which a newborn is socially trained to develop his/her own personality(Lamb& Sutton-Smith, 2014).Socialization helps individuals become disciplined and be able toenact different roles in the society. It also provides an individualwith knowledge and skills and develops the right aspirations forone’s life. This paper focuses on the role of socialization inhuman development and how different people have different experiencesas far as socialization and development are concerned.
SocializationAgents and Messages
Theprocess of socialization is continuous throughout one’s life and itgives a child social maturity. One of the chief agencies ofsocialization is the family, through which the process ofsocialization begins. The parent, especially the mother, begins thisprocess when the child is born and it continues as the child gets torespect people in authority in the family. However, caution should betaken to ensure that the family presents a better environment for thechild to learn since it affects the growth of the child (Lamb& Sutton-Smith, 2014). Forexample, children brought up in ever fighting families grow up withmuch hatred and bitterness in their hearts. School is another channelthrough which children socialize and develop. The education a childgets from the teachers moulds his/her attitudes towards variousissues in the society. It also increases knowledge and ideasconcerning different aspects of life. Thus, the education theyreceive from school help them develop into mature people in thecommunity. Lastly, as children go to school they meet their peerswith whom they develop mutual understanding and cooperation. Throughtheir peers, they acquire some of the qualities or behaviors whichthey can never acquire from their parents. Such acquisitioncontributes a lot in the child’s development.
Ihave a friend who was coming from a family richer than mine. Theparents could not allow her to play with other children, either inschool or at home. Although she was my age, I was a little activethan her. We remained friends until we joined high school. I laterrealized that my friend had a lot of psychological problems. Shecould get bitter, angry and cry all the times. Actually, the problemwas as a result of the continuous fights the parents had at home.Since she did not have any peer to talk to, she grew up stressed anddeveloped a lot of anger in her. When I got to know about this, Iintroduced her to a group of friends I had known since childhood. Wecould visit her frequently, tell stories, play different games andshare our experiences. This helped her acquire some skills from uswhich helped her in her social life and development. From thisscenario, I realized that my friend grew up alone and did not learnmuch from her peers through socialization. If she had been given thechance to interact with her peers, she could have developed her ownstrategies of dealing with stress and handling her own problems.
Tosun up, socialization is an important aspect in the development of achild. As much as many parents fear that their children may acquirebad traits, it is important to allow them make mistakes and correctthem. Socialization is one tool which develops the psychological,behavioral, and social aspects of a child. Toddlers get to learn howto talk, walk and play when they interact with other children. Thus,parents should allow their children to socialize since it offers oneof the greatest avenues for future alteration of human nature andsociety.
Lamb,M. E., & Sutton-Smith, B. (2014). Siblingrelationships: Their nature and significance across the lifespan.Psychology Press.
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