Sinceevery human group organizes its members by families, consider thefollowing from the functionalists’ perspective, what majorfunctions do families serve?
Thefamily assists the respective members in meeting their needs. Suchrequirements include reproduction to cover for those who may havedied, controlling sexual activity, socializing children so that theycan act within the societal norms and expectations, providing memberswith security, provision of physical care, and provision of bothemotional and psychological support among others. The family alsocontributes to the society’s stability as it socializes thechildren into the societal culture.
Fromthe conflict perspective, what major inequalities do familiesperpetuate?
Accordingto the conflict perspective, families perpetuate social, politicaland economic inequality by working to maintain the status quo.Inheritance allows wealthy families to pass on their high socialpositions to their members. Most traditional societies arepatriarchal placing greater value on men`s roles compared to those ofwomen. The family creates a social arrangement that puts men at anadvantaged position.
Froma symbolic interactionist perspective, what kinds of effects might anindividual`s family of orientation have on her or his self-concept,self-confidence?
Thefamily socializes the child into the society, affecting their aspectsof self-concept and self-confidence as such. For instance, parentalsupport, as well as a depiction of positive appraisal, tends toinfluence the child`s perception of self positively. Consequently,they build their self-confidence. The socialization emanating fromthe family contributes to one’s perception of self in the societyplaying a role in determining how they feel others Sview them.
Analyzehow your experiences in education have influenced your life? Whateffects has teachers had on your goals and attitudes?
Schoolhas widened my view of life and shaped my interactions. The educationenvironment has helped me to work with like-minded individuals insharpening my skills in my areas of interest bringing me closer to mygoals. Teachers have inculcated in me the right attitude necessary inthe achievement of my goals. They have enabled me to appreciate theeffort needed in reaching important milestones.
Howdo functionalists and conflict theorists differ in their approach tothe study of religion?
Functionalistsview religion as a contributing factor to the stability of thesociety. They see it as serving human needs in all societies theworld over. Conflict theorists on their part tend to explore religionin terms of its possible contribution to the inequalities thatbedevil the society. According to them religion, for instance, hasplayed a major role in disadvantaging women.
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