Spankinghas been a common practice among many people across the world. It isusually applied as a method of punishment to instill discipline inchildren. The issue has been eliciting mixed reactions from variouspeople concerning its capability in enhancing the change ofbehaviors.The medical practitioners have also raised concerns aboutthe practice, where most have vehemently been against the vice,citing its negative effects on the health the child. In as much asparents consider the practice to have positive outcomes, it isbelieved that it brings abut many undesired results in children.
ExplainingWho Gets Spanked
Youngchildren are punished through spanking and most of the parents whosechildren suffer from ADHD to control their hyperactivity. Many tendto believe that it is an effective form of punishment that cancontrol ADHD in children, and make them self-disciplined. However,there is no any evidence that spanking controls this condition,rather it deteriorates the emotional pain of a child and also therelationship between parent and child.
Forthe children with autism, spanking can never be the best controlmethod. However, it is necessary for the parent to devise othermethods of handling such a child, such as enhancing appropriatecommunication procedure and showing empathy to such children.
TheShort and Long Term Effects of Spanking
Whenspanking is administered properly, it can be effective in deterringthe behaviors for relatively younger preschoolers (Lee & Huang,2012). This group of young people can easily comprehend the reasonsfor spanking and change their behaviors, as opposed to infants.
Childrentend to perceive spanking as an act of violence by the parent.Therefore, such a child tends to lose trust with the parents andbecomes fervently fearful once he/she comes close to them. A child,also, does not effectively handle various chores in an effectivemanner since he/she get scared of the parents` reactions.
Consistentspanking deteriorates the relationship between parents and children.This is because children tend to become exorbitantly aggressive tothe point they cannot respect their parents any longer. It is alsocaused by the lack respect between parent and children, as a resultof such form of punishment.
Spankingleads to increased antisocial behaviors for an extended time in thelife of a child, as stated by Ferguson (2013). Many parents spanktheir children as a way of controlling antisocial behaviors however,the more they are spanked, the more they continue exhibiting suchbehaviors. They are likely to instigate violence or harass othersiblings and friends a tendency that can reach uncontrollablelevels.
Genderand/or Racial Differences in Spanking
Primarily,there is a high approval rate for spanking amongst men than it is thecase with women. At least 75% of men believe that spanking serves thepurpose in disciplining a child. Men also end to spank their childrenmore than women, who are rather empathetic and compassionate. Fewerwomen are believed to be in favor of spanking, and only 65% tend touse this method to punish their children. On the other hand, blackHispanic parents, especially women have the tendency of spankingtheir children as compared to whites.
TheRole of Religion in Spanking
Asopposed to other religious groups, Christianity favors punishmentthrough spanking as they believe it is biblically justified todiscipline a child. However, not all Christians spank their childrenit is only 80% of them who approve this corporal punishment, most ofthem being born-again.
TheRole of Nationality in Spanking
Insofaras the nationality is concerned, it does not play a huge role ininfluencing parents to spank their children. Many nations have madeit categorical that spanking is illegal under any circumstance. It isthe choice of a parent to spank or not to spank a child, which doesnot necessarily depend on their nationality. However, cases of suchpunishment are more prevalent in the U.S. than in any other nation.
Responsibilityof Making Decisions
Parentsand the state have a role to play in making equivocal decisionsregarding spanking as a form of punishment. Parents who understandthat such form of punishment does not have a huge impact in changingthe behaviors of their children can opt not to carry on with it.However, the government has a pivotal role to play, since it mustensure that it sets laws that parents should adhere to whilepunishing their children. It has to be incisive in implementing suchlaws, and take disciplinary action to any parent found to act incontravention. For instance, in Germany, the state prohibitedspanking, and the constitution necessitates that children have theright to be brought up without being exposed to violence.
AlternativeForms of Punishment
Parentsshould use the word of mouth instead of physical punishment tocastigate uncouth behaviors in children. Through communication,children have the likelihood of heeding to advice from their parents,unlike through physical assault. They feel safe and secure whenadvised against certain behaviors and exhibit positive changes.
Parentsshould promote reward and praise to children who behave well. In sodoing, they contribute to the increase of self-esteem and confidencein children, and make them meet the appropriate behavioral standards.Furthermore, when rewarding children for good behaviors, childrenbecome more positive minded and change their perception forthwith.
ParentalPunishment vs. Child Abuse
Froma bystander point of view, child abuse consists of actions taken byan ill-intentioned individual to cause unprecedented damage to theemotional well-being of a child. On the other hand, parentalpunishment involves the aspect of inculcating a culture supportiverelationship between the parent and a child as a way of controllingwayward behaviors.
Spankingbrings about many negative than positive implications to the life ofa child. Therefore, parents should be discouraged from exercisingthis method of punishment by all means. Other forms of disciplinaryactions would be effective in enabling a child to rectify badbehaviors. Therefore, it is imperative for the laws to be enacted tobar parents from executing such inconsiderate and abusive forms ofpunishment and promote child growth without causing emotional andphysical complications.
Ferguson,C. J. (2013). Spanking, corporal punishment, and negative long-termoutcomes: A meta-analytic review of longitudinal studies. ClinicalPsychology Review,33(1), 196-208.
Lee,M. J., & Huang, F. (2012). Finding dynamic treatment effectsunder anticipation: the effects of spanking on behaviour. Journalof the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society),175(2), 535-567.
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