Taxonomic Effect of Fukushima Radiation
TaxonomicEffect of Fukushima Radiation
Radiationcauses severe effects on animals and plants. It results in theformation of cancerous tumors in animals and impairs with the growthof plants and animals. Many studies on the effects of Fukushimanuclear disaster show that the ionizing radiation that was releasedto the water had devastating effects on both animals and plants inthe affected areas. Many animals developed complications, leading tothe assumption that radiation causes taxonomic changes on mammals,fishes as well as insects.
Radiationcauses changes in hematological values in mammals. A study by Ochiaiet al. (2014) shows that low blood cell counts in monkeys living inFukushima City was a result of them being exposed to radiation thatwas released by Fukushima accident. Also, a study by Cadicott (2014)shows radiation can cause the formation of cancerous tumors inanimals. Exposure to radiation also influences the behavior ofmammals. The assertion is supported by Mori et al.’s study thatnotes the incidence of dog bites in Fukushima City increasedsignificantly after the disaster.
Thedetrimental effect of radiation in the human chromosome is extremelysevere. Studies by Yoneyama (2013) and Taira et al. (2015) show thatradiation causes physiological in addition to morphologicalconsequences in animals. It damages the DNA as well as alters withthe presentation of loci (Yoneyama, 2015 Taira et al., 2015).Equally, the loss of diversity and decline in a number of birds andinsects in Fukushima City is linked to the exposure to radiation(Yoshioka, Mishima, & Fukasawa, 2015). According to According toTaira et al. (2015), radiation affects reproduction because it causesserious damage to the DNA. The experienced mutation in birds livingin Fukushima is attributed to Fukushima disaster. Studies by Mousseauand Moller (2014) as well as Steen and Mousseau (2014), showed thatradiation causes morphological changes in animals. Birds in theaffected areas developed white spots on their feathers due toionizing radiation.
Contraryto Mori et al.’s study, Nagasawa et al. (2012) argue that theaggressive behavior of dogs in Fukushima was due to distress causedby abandonment by their caregivers. According to them, the dogs’aggressiveness was not as a result of taxonomic variations. Someauthors like Nagasawa et al. believed that other factors otherradiation might have influenced some of the changes observed inFukushima City. However, the arguments by the majority of the authorsshow that radiation has severe taxonomic effects on animals.
Thearticle by Nagasawa et al. challenges the topic and thesis of thisresearch paper that claim radiation causes taxonomic effects onanimals and plants which are responsible for hematological,morphological, physiological, and reproduction complications inliving organisms. The articles claim that abandonment was the mainfactor for the increased aggressiveness of dogs in Fukushima City.The problem raised by this article can be countered by differentarguments on how radiation affects the central nervous system ofanimals from higher classifications. For instance, Ben-Ezra, Palgi,Soffer & Shrira (2012) argue that the mental health effects ofradiation are passed from generation to generation. The studies onthe behavior of the dogs from different areas can also be used indetermining whether abandonment can influence the behavior of dogs.Equally, I can accept the claim raised by Nagasawa as one of thecontributors to the aggressiveness of dogs in Fukushima City. But,noting that the impacts of radiation bypass that of abandonment onmammals.
Ben-Ezra,M., Palgi, Y., Soffer, Y. & Shrira, A. (2012). Mental HealthConsequences of the 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: are theGrandchildren of People Living in Hiroshima and Nagasaki During theDrop of the Atomic Bomb more Vulnerable? WorldPsychiatry.
Cadicott,H. (2014). Fukushima Prognosis and how Radioactivity Affects theBody: Medical facts from Dr. Helen Caldicott. AustralianMedical Student Journal.
Mori,J., Tsubokura, M., Sugimoto, A. et al. (2013). Increased Incidence ofDog-Bite Injuries After the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. PreventiveMedicine.363-365.
Mousseau,T. & Moller, A. (2014). Genetic and Ecological Studies of Animalsin Chernobyl and Fukushima. Journalof Heredity.
Nagasawa,M., Mogi, K. & Kikusui, T.Continued Distress among Abandoned Dogsin Fukushima. SciRep.
Ochiai,K., Hayama, S., Nakiri, S., Nakanishi, S. et al. (2014). Low BloodCell Counts in Wild Japanese Monkeys after the Fukushima DaiichiNuclear Disaster. ScientificReports.
Steen,T.Y. & Mousseau, T. (2014). Outcomes of Fukushima: BiologicalEffects of Radiation on Nonhuman Species. Journalof Heredity.
Taira,W. et al. (2015). Ingestional and Transgenerational Effects of theFukushima Nuclear Accident on the Pale Grass Blue Butterfly. JRadiat Res.
Yoneyama,S. (2013). Life-World: Beyond Fukushima and Minamata. AsianPerspective37, 567-592.
Yoshioka,A., Mishima, Y. & Fukasawa, K. (2015). Pollinators and OtherFlying Insects inside and outside the Fukushima Evacuation Zone.PlosOne.
No related posts.