TAY-SACHS DISEASE 3
Thetopic to be discussed is Tay-Sachs disease, an illness that is rarebut can be easily inherited by children from their parents. Thisdisease can be noticed when the affected person is still an infant.Newly born children who suffer from this disorder are normal, but thesymptoms are evident from the third to the sixth month (Aronson& Volk, 2014).
Thereason for choosing this disease is because it can affect the growthand development of infants. The disorder is known to cause thedestruction of the nerve cells, especially those in the spinal cordand brain. Moreover, the topic deserves attention because the diseasecan cause weakening of the muscles in infants below the age of oneyear (Aronson& Volk, 2014).
Somegenetic processes are involved when a child suffers from thisdisorder. This neurodegenerative condition is caused by thedeficiency of enzyme hexosaminidaseA. The enzyme plays the role of breaking down fatty substances in thebody. With its absence, there is an accumulation of toxic fats in thenerve cells and brain of the affected child. The progression of thedisease can lead to dysfunction in the body of the child, which cancontribute to deafness, loss of eyesight, as well as paralysis ofbody parts. Children suffering from this disorder seem to lose someof the motor skills they might have acquired. The disease is commonamong people with roots in Central and Eastern European communitiesof the Jewish descent. Also, there is a high risk among old Frenchcommunities living in Canada. The most vulnerable children includethose who get the genes from both parents. When the symptoms of thisdisorder appear later in life (as is the case during adulthood), theyare mild compared to when they are experienced in childhood (Aronson& Volk, 2014).
Aronson,S. M. & Volk, B. W. (2014). Cerebralsphingolipidoses: A symposium on Tay-Sachs` disease and allieddisorders.Burlington, VT: Elsevier.
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