The Era of Revolution and World War 2
TheEra of Revolution and World War 2
TheWorld War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. Itinvolved different nations and great powers. The participants threwin their industrial, economic and scientific capabilities in the wareffort. Indeed it is true that one person can lead millions intountold evil. The fight for political clout, over history, has alwayselicited hatred, criticism and even result in the death of thesubjects who are always on the receiving end. The politicians havealways used propaganda to gain political mileage and even present aclean sanitized regime when the truth is otherwise. Thispaper demystifies how Stalin, a communist, and Hitler, ananti-communist use propaganda to advance economic and politicalprosperity and regime transformation by use of different images tocommunicate propaganda to the subjects.
HelpBuild the Gigantic Factories
Therevolution in Russia of 1917 was the first time the whole nation wasruled by a communism. The posters show optimist and revolutionaryzeal for rebuilding and reconstruction of a new society. Thecampaigns were staged to do away with illiteracy levels and betterthe healthcare provision. There were also other posters that attackedthe Lenin`s government opposition, the bloody civil war that deedswept the country in 1920. The progressive artists used the postersas a means of communication to reach a wider population.
Bythe year 1930, Stalin had taken over and was in full swing. Theundergoing propaganda focussed on the five-year plans and plans forcollectivization of agriculture with industry establishment (Brylov,1933).The posters powerfully demonstrate powerful impression, compositions,photomontage and the use of diagonal lines with high shape and colourcontrasts. By the end of 1930, the critics refuted the claims asdifficult to comprehend, unrealistic and individualistic.
Consequently,the constructivist designers experienced difficulties, and only theSocialist realism is approved. The principal subjects include thehealthy, happy, young workers and also the determined soldierstogether with Stalin. This was marked by the First Five-Year Plan ofthe Union of Soviet Socialist Republics with outlined economic goalsto be steered by Stalin through socialism policy.
However,there is a small history before the first Soviet five-year plan. TheSoviet Union was under threats from the western nations. The fear ofattack from the West left the Soviet with a deep feeling need forrapid industrialization. This move was to increase their weapon andwar-making potential and also build capacity for a successfulcompetition with their counterparts. As a result of Stalin`s move,there was rapid industrialization, agricultural collectivization andrapid growth of heavy industries. In the long run, it was discoveredthe plan was destined to fail. The goals were unrealistic forachievement. On the other hand, the long term, the collectivisationcreated famine in the Soviet Union that killed many people. Thefamines were the worst in history, killing many people in many yearsfollowing the five-year plan.
BelovedStalin- A Fortune of the Nation
Thissource indicates the history of Stalin. He is seen together withYezhov in the first poster. Yezhov does not appear in the subsequentpaper. In the third poster, Trotsky and Lenin are seen celebratingthe second. In the last and fourth poster, Lenin is seen celebrating,but Trotsky has been removed. By the year 1940, Stalin had executedall leading Bolshevik in 1934, of over the 1900 delegates, 1108 werearrested, and over 90 were shot dead. Yokada, the head of NKVD, wasremoved from the post and shot dead. At the same time, Yezhov, hissuccessor, was also killed.
Stalinused different writers, poets, and authors to advance his regime.They praised him and his regime. In 1932, he picked on 50 writers andinvited them over for an art deco mansion (Brylov,1933).In his article, Avdienko expresses how he regards Stalin`s strength,charm, and grandeur. He says generations will come and regard them asprivileged and at the same time the happiest of all the mortalsbecause they saw and lived with Stalin. The writer further callsStalin a great educator, and for this reason, he says he will beforever joyous and happy and also perpetuate this in his children.
Stalinwas one leader who promoted the culture and history of Russia. Healso promoted the cult of personality he ordered production andcirculation of propaganda material that showed him as a greatnational leader, hero, and deity. This was done on paper and posters,and it read, ‘Beloved Stalin- a fortune for the nation!` AlthoughStalin would have preferred to be remembered for his toweringeconomic achievements, he is associated with purges, terrors, andtrials. He had succeeded in wiping out their member communitiesleading to the World War II.
Thissource also shows the complexities of the Stalin’s visual stature,who was represented as a man of the people, but at the same timeidolized by many. Every day visual Stalin imagery on the posters wasthe most important aspect in constructing the propaganda and the mythof Stalin’s cult personality to hoodwink his people.
AdolphHitler’s Speech, 1933
Moreso, from speech article by Adolph Hitler, he described more than thefourteen years after the Germany people were destroyed, lost touchwith freedom and thereby losing all. Hitler describes how hatred anddissensions descended upon the people (Hitler,1933).Hitler describes how distress among millions of its people from allwalks of life, have witnessed the unity of the nation dying tooblivion, leading to the confusion of personal and politicalopinions, ideological and economic interests. Since theheart-breaking day, Germany has made a state of disunity. The countrycertainly never got the fraternity and equality we had been assured,and the nation lost its freedom. For when the country lost itspolitical strength and place, it will soon lose its spirit and unity.
Hitlercontinues to say that the warning signs were apparent. Through thisrecorded speech, he further instigates the communism method thatpower and insidiously attacks the shattered nation. Communism seeksto disrupt and poison to create chaos and epoch. Communism had donegreat harm, beginning with families, having undermined the veryfoundations of morality and faith.
NaziParty Poster, 1930
Also,in another poster, with the statement, "The Nazi Party securesthe racial community,” and also the poster had other wordsincluding "Racial Comrades if you need advice and help pleaseturn to your local Nazi Party." As aforementioned, the politicalstalwart used posters to illustrate the ways German`s greatdepression to advance their propaganda. The propaganda was verycentral for the Nazi Germany. Although the agricultural power of therepublic`s economy had never regained its strength, the 1920 hadwitnessed a commercial and industrial boom. Although the Communistand Socialist parties seemed prepared to exploit the economic crisis,the Socialists were quick to take advantage of the situation. TheNazi regime used the powerful images to imitate and reveal the smoothtransformation of the small into an attractive national party.
Stalinin Russia and Hitler in German both use their political clout andcreated perceptions for transformational change in politics, sociallyand also in the economy of their republics. They both employ the useof propaganda to represent a clean regime and whip the emotions oftheir subjects into synergically working together with them forpolitical stability, social strength, and economic development. Sinceboth governments come with them economic power, they also come withhuman rights violation, malice, racial exclusion, anarchy, andgenocide.
Brylov,G. TheGiants of the Five Year Plan.1933. Web. 7 Apr. 2017.
Hitler,Adolph. "Appeal To the German People". 1933. Speech.
Koblenz,Bundesarchiv. IfYou Need Advice Or Help, Turn To Your Local Party Organisation.1930. Web. 7 Apr. 2017.
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