THE NORTH WON THE CIVIL WAR, THE SOUTH WON RECONSTRUCTION
A civil war, also known as an intrastate war, is a war betweenorganized groups within the same state or country, or, less commonly,between two countries created from a formerly united state.The Northand South engaged each other for four long years. More than half amillion people were killed. Families were torn apart, townsdestroyed. And in the end, the South lost. For the past 130 years,Americans have argued over the reasons for the Confederacy’sdownfall. The Confederates had a really weak army due to their lowlevel of industrialization as their economy was purely agro anddependent on slaves. The culmination of the debate has been thesuggestion that while the Southerners really lost the physical war tothe Northerners, they actually won the war inasmuch as reconstructionis concerned. This statement is an actual summarization of what theAmerican Civil War entailed.
One of the reason that indicates that the Southerners won a war ofreconstruction is the fact that after the battle, theirinfrastructure was destroyed to quite a good tune. Their economy wasalso left struggling to the verge of shambling down. The class ofpeople that was also controlling the economy through large landownership and having a big number of slaves were left strugglingfinancially after the war. In fact, the practicality of the slavetrade was rendered worthless at the end of the war. After the end ofthe war, the Southern economy behaved like that of a contemporarythird world country. The economic and financial devastation of theSouth, therefore, called for development of plans that could enhanceemancipation of economic growth and development1.After the end of the war, the Southerners were forced to device waysin which they could reconstruct their economy in such a way that itcould not shamble down again. On that regard, it would be correct tonote that the Southerners celebrated a victory of reconstructing andrecalibrating their economy.
On the period between the Civil War and WWII, the South reallystruggled socio-economically but it provided a window where theregion could be reconstructed. The Civil War’s aftermath saw theregion change its ways of economic modernization this can bereferred to as the reconstruction. The end of the civil also provideda pathway for the Southerners to take the chance of granting blackfull American citizenship. By the end of the battle, the South wasalso keen on delineating the racial hierarchy which could be termedas a reconstruction. The changes that the South made were aboutreconstructing its socio-economic structures after the Civil War.
On that regard, it would be right to concur that the South wonreconstruction while the North won the physical battle. It would bewrong to say that the Civil War was about the Confederacy fall.Rather, it would be better to suggest that the aftermath of the Civilwar was about changing the South, which indicates that it won thebattle in a very big way. If the battle led to the reconstruction ofthe South’s view of things, then the Southerners were the biggestwinners in the war while the North lost significantly. In as much asthe Civil war would appear to be disastrous to the South, the regiongained greatly as a turnaround of the socio-economic status wasachieved.
Edwards, Laura F. 2015. A Legal History of the Civil War andReconstruction. New York: Cambridge University Press.
1 Edwards, Laura F. 2015. A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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