The Tragedy of Revenge in “Beowulf”
TheTragedy of Revenge in “Beowulf”
“Inthe Beowulf, revenge is the centraltheme as noteven the sharpest of swords could have cut Grendel`s hand through,broken it off the monster`s Arm and ended its life, as Beowulf haddone armed only with his bare hands."
Saenz,Francisco Santibanez. "Beowulf’s Weaknesses." Universityof Almeria.2016. Retrieved fromhttp://wsfcsel.schoolwires.net/cms/lib/NC01001395/Centricity/Domain/1469/Beowulf%20Weaknesses.pdf
Thearticle analyzes the battles that took place as they aredescribedin the poem. It further tells the reasons that led to the war. “WhenBeowulf is getting himself ready for his fight with Grendel’smother, the poet draws attention to the warrior’s heroicattitude by remarking that, “No whit did he feel anxious for hislife”(157).Beowulf was always ready to fight the monsterto avenge his people. Finally,he wasovercomewith rage in all his battles, which led to his downfall."His vanity swelled him so vile and rankedthat he could hear no voices but his own. He deserved to suffer anddie. However,Beowulfwas a prince who was well-loved, followed in friendship, not fear"(Hindsand Siddeley52). Thechoice of the article is informed by the timing.The article is scholarly reviewed and the content applicable.
Flock,Sebastian. “‘Beowulf’as a Conduct Poem for Anglo-Saxon Princesses." Grin Publishing,2016. Retrieved from http://content.grin.com/document/v346860.pdf
Thearticle discusses the poem in regards to the responsibility of eachperson in the society. Further, it details those who have done wellin their roles and those who have failed. One of the purposesdescribed in the poem includes those of women. While they have therole of peacekeepers, it does not always apply. The Danish princessis one of the characters in the poem discussed by the author of thearticle. The article is relevant to the case due to her need forrevenge. Herhusband has killed the sons,and she has every wish to avengetheir death. Inthe article, it is stated clearly “queen losses all” (3). Justlike in Beowulf the role of revenging is left to only men. The Danishprinces cannot avenge the death of her sons even if she wanted butonly to listen to the instruction of her husband. In Beowulf, revengeis left for only men as seen from this statement when Beowulf tellsHrothgar, "It is better for a man to avenge his friend than tomourn too much"(Hindsand Siddeley 50-62). The source will bring out the theme of revengein regards to men. The source is recent and has beenscholarly reviewed.
Bird,Melissa. "Hostages in Old English Literature." 2015.Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gsu.edu/english_theses/192/
Thearticle has a description of heroes and warriors in the poem. Thereare several descriptionsof how they fight and lose the battle. Additionally, there is theinclusion of religion in the article as it isseenin the poem. The author explains, “the poem has a demand that thepeople of the state nation are bound to use a similar language, lawand have acommonchurch.” The article is relevant because religion has been talkedabout greatly in Beowulf.“Thena powerful demon, a prowler through the dark,nursed a hard grievance. Itharrowed him to hear the din of the loud banquet every day in thehall, the harp being struck and the clear song of a skilled poettelling with mastery of man`s beginnings, how the Almighty had madethe earth a gleaming plain girdled with waters in His splendor Heset the sun and the moon to be earth`s lamplight, lanterns for men,and filled the broad lap of the world with branches and leaves andquickened life in every other thing that moved (Hinds and Siddeley86-98).In both instances,religion ties people together,and it is the reason for revenge to take place incaseanexternal invader attacks their society.An example is from the quote, “TheBattle of Maldon thenoffers the best opportunity to view this concept of nationhoodthrough the character of the Northumbrian hostage in service toEssex’s Earl, Byrhtnoth” (6). Thesource is current and helps to shed light to some of the issues inthe poem. Additionally, it has beenreviewed.
Skok,Veronica P., and Vera Mihayloyna Sheleg. “Literature of the Countrythe Language Is Spoken."2016.Retrieved fromhttp://elib.bspu.by/bitstream/doc/14181/1/3_%D0%9B%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%8B%20%D0%B8%D0%B7%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BE%20%D1%8F%D0%B7%D1%8B%D0%BA%D0%B0%20(%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%BB)pdf.pdf
Thearticle discusses periods in English literature with a focus on thesong of Beowulf. The history istracedby the article from the time the foreigntribes invaded England and declared it their land. It then describesthe source of the fights between the people and the monster. Thearticle sets the theme of revenge in the poems from the beginning.Beowulf comes to the rescue of the people who are under attack fromthe monster and fights it to avenge the deaths of men eaten. However,the urge to avenge the death of her son (monster) is so strongthat she carries another man and kills him in the bottom of the lake.He proceeds to killthe monster and carrythe head of her son back to the land. "Hanging high from therafters where Beowulf had hung it, was the monster’s arm, claw, andshoulder and all" (Hinds and Siddeley 49). The article isa valuable source asit gives a description of the poem and the heroic actions of Beowulfas he tried to avenge his people by killing the monsters. Thus, theepic, “The Song of Beowulf, tells of some events frompeople`shistory, sings the heroic deeds of a man, his courage and his desirefor justice, his love for his people andself-sacrifice for the sake of his country” (6).
Wakeling,Anna. "TheCall of the Sidhe: Poetic and Mythological Influences in Ireland`sStruggle for Freedom."2014. Retrieved fromhttp://scholarlycommons.obu.edu/honors_theses/234/?utm_source=scholarlycommons.obu.edu%2Fhonors_theses%2F234&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages
Thearticle discusses the importance of poems in lives of Irish people.They arebasedon vengeance, which isguidedby their poemsand the fairy tales in them. The source explains that most of theancient Irish literature is in poems. Further, there is anillustration of the poemsrelatingthem to the theme of revenge. “Fionn himself, left with only ahandful of his formerly fearsome band, is said to have gone into aKing Arthur-style hibernation until the day appointed for him torouse the Fianna and restore Ireland to the glory it knew him”(Hinds and Siddeley 49). That is a sign of revenge for them torestore in Ireland. In the poem,Beowulf also fights hard to kill the monster to avenge his people andlet them live peacefully."Noteven the sharpest of swords could have cut It (Grendel`s hand)through, broken it off the monster`s arm and ended its life, asBeowulf had done armed only with his bare hands" (Hinds andSiddeley 54). The source is relevant to the case as it gives thereasons why people, especially heroes like revenge.
Sell,Aaron N. "Revenge can be More Fully Understood by MakingDistinctions between Anger and Hatred." Behavioraland Brain Sciences, vol.36, no.1, 2013, pp. 36-7.http://journals2.scholarsportal.info.libproxy.wlu.ca/details/0140525x/v36i0001/36_rcbmfumdbaah.xml#cited
Thearticle representsthe types of revenge such as the revenge motivated by anger andrevenge motivated by hatred. In the poem,both kindsof revengeareexperienced.Making the source relevant. “Desire for revenge is so closelylinked to violence” (1). That statement can besupportedby Beowulf desire to revenge,which was violence"andfor the one murdered by Grendel gold was carefully Paid" (Hindsand Siddeley 56).Thesource is,therefore,relevant as it gives the motivation for revenge that will help tounderstand the poem.
Bird,Melissa. "Hostages in Old English Literature." (2015).
Flock,Sebastian. "Beowulf"as a Conduct Poem for Anglo-Saxon Princesses."(2016).
Hinds,Gareth, and Leslie Siddeley. Beowulf.Cambridge, MA: Thecomic.com, 1999
Saenz,Francisco Santibanez. "Beowulf’s Weaknesses." Universityof Almeria.Web 2 (2016).
Sell,Aaron N. "Revenge can be More Fully Understood by MakingDistinctions between Anger and Hatred." Behavioraland Brain Sciences, vol.36, no.1, 2013, pp.36-7.
Skok,Veronica P., and Vera Mihayloyna Sheleg. “Literature of the Countrythe Language Is Spoken." (2016).
Wakeling,Anna. "The Call of the Sidhe: Poetic and Mythological Influencesin Ireland`s Struggle for Freedom." (2014).
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