Thomas Hobbes and Social Contract Theory
ThomasHobbes and Social Contract Theory
Thehuman nature that is evil and can neither be trusted nor counted oncan be controlled effectively by the unlimited power of the sovereigngovernment.
Hobbesbelieved that a successful society can only exist if citizens arecontrolled by a tough sovereign government. Only this type ofgovernment can be in a position to regulate human nature as well theevils associated with it (Biography.com Editors, 2017). If a robustgovernment never existed, Hobbes argues that a state will be marredwith the chaos created by people of the given land.
Hobbesargues in Leviathan that a state of war ensures that every person isput against oneself. From this assertion, one can note that Hobbes isextremely pessimistic about human nature and thinks humans cannotregulate themselves and their behaviors in the society. According tohim, the conduct of people in societies is influenced by theirdesires and restraints (Makaleler, 2011).
Thedesires and restraints of individuals can be averted by a toughcentral government. According to Hobbes, such state directs people topeace that is achieved via social contract. Hobbes further claimsthat social peace, as well as civil unity, is realized through theformation of a commonwealth by a social contract (Makaleler, 2011).According to Hobbes, the social contract calls for the provision ofabsolute power to the sovereign power so that it can safeguard thecommonwealth. The sovereign will manage to regulate the powers ofhuman nature since its main function is to guard the common man. Theargument by Hobbes influenced federalists to embrace theconstitution.
Inconclusion, Hobbes believed that the uncontrolled human natureresults to chaos in the society. People’s conduct is oftencontrolled by their desires and restraints that must be averted by atough sovereign government. The state can ensure peace throughformulating a commonwealth guided by a social contract.
Biography.comEditors. (2017). ThomasHobbes Biography.Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/thomas-hobbes-9340461
Makaleler,O. (2011). ThomasHobbes and His Theory of Social Contract.Retrieved from http://ydemokrat.blogspot.co.ke/2011/01/thomas-hobbes-and-his-theory-of-social.html
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