Wellness Education Program Proposal
WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM PROPOSAL
WellnessEducation Program Proposal
SexuallyTransmitted Diseases (STD) To Youths
SexuallyTransmitted Diseases (STD) is an emerging health concern that iscommon among the young people and adolescents between the ages of15-24 years (Gouws,2016).The young people are the vulnerable and risk population to sexuallytransmitted diseases due to the less knowledge regarding theconsequences of engaging in sexual activities. The most commonsexually transmitted diseases reported in the United States among theyoung people especially those in colleges and universities includegenital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydiaand trichomoniasis (Gouws,2016).Therefore, it is evident that young people, especially those incolleges and universities, are vibrant in engaging in various lifeactivities and the lack of adequate knowledge about awareness ofdiseases may make them prone to the risk of contracting sexuallytransmitted diseases. To address the emerging health problems such asthe sexually transmitted diseases, different health care initiativeshave been established by various health institutions in order to curbthe problem and to offer effective care. Analysis of gaps inhealthcare can help to design effective healthcare interventions suchas the health education and wellness to adequately address theemerging health problems especially sexual transmitted diseases(Gouws,2016).
Thispaper seeks to develop a proposal for a wellness education program toaddress sexually transmitted diseases among youth by integratingcultural, spiritual and linguistic consideration.
Evidence-BasedWellness Program to Address STD among Young Population
Theemergence and recurrence of sexually transmitted diseases among theyoung population have raised a lot of concern on how to determine thebest approach to help prevent the spread of this disease among theyoung population. Therefore, for the safety and health care concernsof the young people, a health education and wellness program isdetermined as the best approach for problem-solving. Theevidence-based wellness program that could be used to addresssexually transmitted diseases among the young population is theSelf-Respectprogram that is aimed towards behavior change. SelfRespectprogram takes an evidence-based approach to prevention of STD in theyoung population. The program places emphasis on abstinence andhealthy sexual relationships by focusing on educating youths andadolescents issues of decision making, sexual freedom and practice ofsafe sex. The program is designed to encourage the young populationto make a difference in their lives as the whole community byrespecting themselves, making healthy sexual choices, and being proudof their families, community and themselves. The program seeks toencourage sexual abstinence and increased use of condoms duringsexual activities among the young population. Also, the program isfocused on improving the knowledge on STDs, the importance of usingcondoms, and self-efficacy, reasons, and attitudes for using condoms(Mitchell,Kaufman, Whitesell, Beals & Keane, 2017).
Theyoung people are in a new phase of adjusting to their freedom andpersonal responsibility and thus are more likely to engage in sexualhealth risks. They are under critical period where they areexperiencing significant changes, and thus they require engaging inmajor developmental tasks including normative experimentation andincreasing independence. Therefore, due to their developmentaltransition, the young people are sensitive especially toenvironmental influences thus are at a high risk of engaging inunhealthy sexual activities that lead to contracting of STDs andother risky behaviors (Gouws,2016).
Thesexual health education would help youths and adolescents to avoidthe social pressures for engaging in unnecessary or unhealthy sexualactivities by abstaining from risky sexual behaviors. The programwould increase their personal knowledge of sexual health andvulnerability towards sex and thus help them to develop positiveattitudes towards sexual health. It involves interactive learningexperience that assists the young population to understand thenegative impacts of poor decision making regarding sexual activities.The interactive activities of the program include group discussionsabout sexual health, role-playing, brainstorming, games andparticipating in skill-building exercises. These activities help toincrease enhancement of healthy sexual behaviors, facilitate thedevelopment of positive attitudes towards sexual health and improvetheir awareness of sexual health (Gouws,2016).
Thesexual health education can offer young people with decision-makingskills and information and thus contribute towards reduction of riskbehavior. The program helps to change the attitudes and beliefs ofthe youths and adolescents positively regarding their confidence andability to abstain from engaging in sexual activities, makingdecisions to practice safe sexual activities and their sexual healthnegotiation skills. Safe sexual health includes teaching the youthsand adolescents risks related to unnecessary and unhealthy sexualpractices, the environmental and social influences, the datingpatterns of adolescents, negotiation skills and decision making. Theprogram will allow young people to learn about effective strategiesfor minimizing risks for transmitting or contracting STDs such assafer sex techniques and abstinence (Gouws,2016).
Theprogram includes cultural, spiritual, linguistic and educationfactors that are effective and crucial in guiding behavioral changeamong the young population. These factors help in providing youths’support, opportunities, resources, experiences and relationshipsneeded to enable them to become responsible and successful adults inthe society (Mitchell,Kaufman, Whitesell, Beals & Keane, 2017).Cultureis a crucial aspect for consideration in sexual health educationamong the youth and adolescents. The population of the young peopleis becoming more ethnically diverse in the U.S and therefore, it isimportant for health education and wellness program to be culturallyresponsiveness towards the health care needs of this population.Therefore, to deliver the Self-Respectprogram, a person from the population such as a parent or youth canbe asked to provide ideas on the appropriate approach for delivery ofthe program to the young population (Mendez-Luck,Bethel, Goins, Schure & McDermott, 2015).
Religionsalso play a significant role in sexual health education among theyoung population. The young people come from diverse religiousbackgrounds, and thus, it is important to take spiritualityconsiderations when approaching this population. The populationshould be educated based on their spiritual beliefs and also holistichealth to achieve maximum outcomes in the prevention of STD infectionand promotion of care (Mendez-Luck,Bethel, Goins, Schure & McDermott, 2015).
TheU.S is a multilingual society with people from a diverse linguisticbackground including Hispanic, Mexicans, African-Americans, Indians,and Chinese among others. However, since most adolescents and youthsare familiar with the English language, linguistic considerationswill not be included in the wellness program. There will be no needfor translators or interpreters for either oral or writtenpresentations when approaching to educate the young populationsregarding STDs and sexual health (Waite,Nardi & Killian, 2013).
Educationconsiderations are also crucial in determining the best approach foreducating the young population regarding prevention of STDs. The bestway to educate the young people is through promoting behavior change.The behavior change strategy allows the health workers to createpatients’ charts and workshops where they work with this populationto identifying the problems through counseling services and educatingthem on sexual health. Therefore, it helps to equip the young peoplewith knowledge health risks related to their health (Gouws,2016).
Waysof Marketing or Advertising the Wellness Program
Thewellness program will be advertised through social media includingFacebook,Twitter, Podcasts,internet forums, blogs, and microblogsbecause many young people have a tendency of using social media moreoften. Most young people find it difficult to engage with theirhealth and also, they are a hard to reach population, therefore,incentives are required to ensure their participation and completionof the program is required. Social media provides the bestopportunity for the young people to engage in health educationthrough online support and forums.It is the most common of interactions for youths and adolescentswhere they can exchange share or create information. Therefore,social media can be the incentive that will ensure young people andadolescent participation and completion of the program by increasingtheir compliance with sexual health education that is crucial inhelping to prevent contraction of STDs (Jones,Eathington, Baldwin & Sipsma, 2014).
TheSelf-Respect wellness program can also be advertised throughhighlighting its benefits of promoting knowledge on sexual healthamong the young population. The benefits that the program offers thepopulation include promoting the development of risk reductionbehaviors by increasing their knowledge of positive sexual healthbehaviors such as minimizing the number of casual sex partners andproper use of condoms. It allows young people to acquire knowledge onsexual health and abstinence thus enabling them to engage inpositive, safe sex, abstinences and make health choices sexually. Ithelps to provide young people with decision making information andcommunication skills associated with sex negotiation and sex refusalthereby contributing towards preventing or minimizing transmissionand contraction of STDs among the young people (Mitchell,Kaufman, Whitesell, Beals & Keane, 2017).
TheEthical, Legal and Economic Factors that Impact on Health andWellness of the Young Population
Ethicalconsiderations are important in health and wellness program becauseit has a significant impact on health promotion and preventive care.The Self-Respect education program should be provided in such a waythat it allows the young people to examine the ethical meaning oftheir sexual conduct thus enhancing justice among this population(Lillie,Janz, Friese, Graff, Schwartz, Hamilton & Hawley, 2014).
Thefederal laws such as Affordable Health Care Act impact on healthpromotion and preventive care whereby it has promoted the expansionof insured people and coverage of many cases of STD screening. Theincreased number of insured individuals has resulted in coverage ofsome risk and vulnerable populations such as the young populations.Also, the Act has provided the opportunity for STD programs tointegrate crucial clinical preventive services and information thathelps to prevent and treat STDs thus help to promote care among theyoung population (Sommers,Buchmueller, Decker, Carey & Kronick, 2013).
TheSTDs pose significant economic consequences in the U.S. Reports bythe STD Quarterly indicate that about half of the urban adolescentsand youths acquire at least one of the common STDs includingtrichomoniasis, gonorrhea or chlamydia, within the two years ofbecoming active sexually (Zanoni& Mayer, 2014).The increase in STDs among the young population has resulted in morefunds to be channeled towards treatment and prevention of STD in theyoung people. The health disparities among the young population arethat most of them are not insured, and thus, some may not afford toobtain the required medical services to address the problem. However,through preventive care and health promotion, it can help to minimizeSTDs infection thus curb its spread and reduce spending by thefederal government on STD treatment and prevention (Zanoni& Mayer, 2014).
Theprevalence of Sexual Transmitted Diseases among the young populationaged between 15-24 years has become a growing health concern. Themajor factor contributing to STDs infections among this population isthe lack of adequate and right knowledge regarding healthy sexualrelationships and the consequences of engaging in risky behaviors.The increased risk of STDs spread among the young population hasnecessitated the need for the development of a health education andwellness program to address this problem. The Self-Respect program isan evidenced-based program designed to change the behavior,attitudes, and perception of youths towards sexual health and toengage in safe sexual activities through encouraging them to usecondoms. The program focuses on educating the young people on aspectsof abstinence and healthy sexual relationships. It encourages theyouths and adolescents to practice sexual abstinence and more use ofcondoms anytime they engage in sexual acts. The program achieves thisby improving the knowledge of the young population on STDs, itsconsequences and the significance of using condoms as a preventionmeasure. Therefore, the improved knowledge and acquisition ofinformed decision skills enablethe young people to engage in positive, safe sex, abstinences andmake sexually healthy choices.
Gouws,E. (2016). Trends in HIV prevalence and sexual behavior among youngpeople aged 15-24 years in countries most affected by HIV. Sexuallytransmitted infections, 86(Suppl2), ii72-ii83.
Jones,K., Eathington, P., Baldwin, K., & Sipsma, H. (2014). The impactof health education transmitted via social media or text messaging onadolescent and young adult risky sexual behavior: a systematic reviewof the literature. Sexuallytransmitted diseases, 41(7),413-419.
Lillie,S. E., Janz, N. K., Friese, C. R., Graff, J. J., Schwartz, K.,Hamilton, A. S., … Hawley, S. T. (2014). Racialand ethnic variation in partner perspectives about the breast cancertreatment decision-making experience. OncologyNursing Forum, 41(1),13–20.
Mendez-Luck,C. A., Bethel, J. W., Goins, R. T., Schure, M. B., & McDermott,E. (2015). Communityas a source of health in three racial/ethnic communities in Oregon: Aqualitative study. BMCPublic Health, 15(1),1–10.
Mitchell,C. M., Kaufman, C. E., Whitesell, N. R., Beals, J., & Keane, E.M. (2017). Self‐Efficacyabout Sexual Risk/Protective Behaviors: Intervention ImpactTrajectories among American Indian Youth. Journalof Research on Adolescence.
Sommers,B. D., Buchmueller, T., Decker, S. L., Carey, C., & Kronick, R.(2013). The Affordable Care Act has led to significant gains inhealth insurance and access to care for young adults. Healthaffairs, 32(1),165-174.
Waite,R., Nardi, D., & Killian, P. (2013). Context,health, and cultural competence: Nurse managed health care centersserving the community. Journalof Cultural Diversity, 20(4),190–194.
Zanoni,B. C., & Mayer, K. H. (2014). The adolescent and young adult HIVcascade of care in the United States: exaggerated healthdisparities. AIDSpatient care and STDs, 28(3),128-135.
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