Whyand How were the Europeans so Successful in Taking over the AmericansStudent’s Name
WhyAnd How Were The Europeans So Successful In Taking Over The Americans
MostAmericans find it very hard to believe that indeed the Europeans haddefeated them in a war. History analyzes the failure and givesvarious reasons on how and why the Europeans conquered the Americans.The reasons given relate to, the Europeans having superior weaponscompared to the Americans weapons. This paper will thus, discuss whythe Europeans were successful in taking over the Americans.
Manyreasons exist to explain the Americans defeat such as The Europeansexperience in war, the division among the fellow native Americans,the introduction of an epidemic that wiped away a huge number ofAmericans and lack of knowledge among the Americans. The Europeanswere mainly after the Americans` land and resources. Europeanconquest of America was not a thing that would be possible if atdiseases were not introduced to the Americans. In fact, many believethat Americans were not defeated at all since for the war to end,there was a treaty signed. It is, therefore, clear that the war endedafter an agreement and not because of the defeat.
Inwar, the issue of the type and the technology of the weapons beingused by the partners cannot be left out (Rollins & O`Connor,2015). The issue of arms was one of the factors that led theAmericans to be defeated by the Europeans. The Europeans are believedto be having superior weapons against those of their rivals. Thedefense technology is considered to be first felt in Europe in the14th century this is the advantage the Europeans took to outdo theNative Americans. The Europeans were covered by steel and iron armorthis made it hard for the Americans to pierce with their woodenweapons. The probability of the Americans to defeat the Europeanswere also brought to the impossibility as the Europeans also usedgunpowder and swords that are said to be able to overrun a man veryquickly (Clark, 2013).
Accordingto Axelrod (2012), in war, the most important thing is to remainunited at all times this crucial element was lacking among theAmericans. The Europeans exploited the internal rivalry between theAmericans. The Europeans exercised the divide and rule tact. Largearmies were divided into smaller fractions that were defeated oneafter another. The Europeans would turn the natives againstthemselves and cause an infighting between them. By Europeansdividing the Americans, they minimized the chances of the Americansbuilding alliances that they would use to defeat the Europeans.
Theexperience was an added advantage among the Europeans. Being in warafter the fall of Rome, it meant that the Europeans had awell-trained troop. The experience that they had attained made themto be unmerciful and had the skills of killing and upsetting thepopulation. The Europeans would kill men and women to intrigue fearamong the natives Americans. On the other hand, the Americans foughtto capture, and their colleague’s would then liberate the captured.The use of animals in war such as horses and dogs was also a thingthat caught the Americans. The horses increased the Europeansmobility while the dogs would kill very efficiently.
Themost deadly weapon that was used by the Europeans unaware was thefatal disease that they introduced to the Native Americans. TheEuropeans came with them deadly viral diseases such as smallpoxmeasles and other viral diseases. The Native Americans had notexperienced the disease earlier. This means that they had no immuneagainst the diseases at all. These conditions saw a large number ofAmericans dead. The disease was said to have killed more than the gunwould do. Most history estimates that approximately 90% of theAmericans were wiped away. This reduction in number gave theEuropeans an upper hand as they were now fighting with a smallernumber.
ManyEuropeans were driven by discontent in their continent to go and findother places to live. They, therefore, invaded America in largenumber that outnumbered the America`s natives. At first, the nativeshad not seen see the invasion as a concept of land grabbing. This maybe a reason that they may not have devoted themselves fully tofighting the invaders. The Americans realized the idea of landgrabbing when it was too late. The Europeans had already takencontrol of the nation.
Inconclusion, the European invasion into America and consequentlydefeating the Americans was a thing that could be easily resisted. Itappears as if it was a war that was definitely to be lost by theAmericans owing to the superior weapons that the Europeans were usingcompared to the wooden weapons of the Americans. The Europeans alsohad the war experience that they had from a long time of engagementinto war and the disease that wiped the largest population of theAmericans reducing the number of those that engaged in the fight andweakening those who remained. These factors, which all lie to thedisadvantage of the Americans, meant that surely the Americans wereto be defeated.
Axelrod, A. (2012). America`s Wars. New York: Wiley.
Clark, C. M. (2013). The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went To War In 1914. New York: Harper.
Rollins, P. C., & O`connor, J. E. (2015). Why We Fought: America`s Wars In Film And History. Lexington: University Press Of Kentucky.
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